Rincon Hill

Historical Essay

by Northern California Coalition on Immigrant Rights


Three boys sit atop Rincon Hill, Long Bridge crossing the mouth of Mission Bay in distance, c. 1870s.

Photo: California Historical Society


2nd Street from Market, looking south, 1866, Rincon Hill rises at end. Photo: California Historical Society, San Francisco, CA

The word "Rincon" means "inside corner" in Spanish. Before the 1860s the area surrounding Rincon Center was a cove that extended to what is now First Street. Rincon is the name that was given to the hill at the inside corner of the cove. In the early 1850s, wealthy pioneers built large homes on the crest of Rincon Hill, chosen for its views of the city. Noted author Bret Harte lived on Silver Street. Recent excavations in the area also provide evidence of Chinese entrepreneurship in the 1880s when they set up small businesses, including laundries, and small supply stories to serve the needs of the boarding house residents and others working at the docks on the South side of the Hill. Some of these artifacts can be seen in the Rincon Center display cases. The Chinese also had a small fishing village in this area. This village disappeared along with South Beach when the area was filled in the late 1860s. In 1868, they cut Second Street across the hill, which made it no longer a desirable place for the wealthy, who moved to Nob Hill and other neighborhoods to the north. Homes were turned into rooming houses, and many warehouses and hospitals, including Irish, German, French, British, Italian and Swiss hospitals, were built. With the development of the city, however, parts of Rincon Hill were cut down and much of this property was lost. The fire of 1906 wiped out the remaining vestiges of the formerly wealthy neighborhood. What still exists of the hill is largely hidden beneath the entrance to the Bay Bridge.

Rincon Hill had also been the bastion of the industrial and shipping bosses. As they began to move out and maritime unions became increasingly strong, union leaders began to live in that area and SOMA in general. In their successful heyday, the built several large union halls, and then sadly, over time, began to watch their influence start to fade in the 1950's until today, when there is largely no maritime industry at all.

Harrison near Essex circa 1865 opensfhistory wnp37.03473.jpg

Harrison near Essex Street, circa 1865. This intersection today is an entry point to the Bay Bridge.

Photo: OpenSFHistory.org wnp37.03473

View southwest to 555 Harrison Street, Harrison at Essex-- Rincon Hill home of Benjamin Horn c1865 opensfhistory wnp26.491.jpg

View southwest to 555 Harrison Street, Harrison at Essex—Rincon Hill home of Benjamin Horn c. 1865.

Photo: OpenSFhistory wnp26.491

Henry-Millers-mansion-1882-Rincon-Hill Harrison-and-Essex-until-1906.jpg

Henry Miller's luxurious mansion on Rincon Hill, occupying the corner of Harrison and Essex from 1882 until it burned down in the fire of 1906.

Photo: San Francisco History Center, San Francisco Public Library

View East on Harrison from Essex-- Pier 24 is visible in the distance oct 18 1915 opensfhistory wnp36.01016.jpg

View East on Harrison from Essex—Pier 24 is visible in the distance, October 18, 1915.

Photo: OpenSFhistory wnp36.01016

Harrison and Essex Apr 3, 1919 opensfhistory wnp36.02092.jpg

Harrison and Essex, April 3, 1919.

Photo: OpenSFhistory wnp36.02092

View West on Harrison from Essex, A Fleishhacker and Company, The Paper Box House, on left at 2nd & Harrison June 1920 opensfhistory wnp36.02325.jpg

View West on Harrison from Essex, A. Fleishhacker and Company, The Paper Box House, on left at 2nd & Harrison, June 1920.

Photo: OpenSFhistory wnp36.02325

Harrison to 2nd Feb 11, 1919 400 2nd st w water tank still stands opensfhistory wnp36.02023.jpg

Harrison to 2nd Street, Feb 11, 1919. 400 2nd St. with water tank still stands in the 2020s.

Photo: OpenSFhistory wnp36.02023

South Park and Rincon Hill continues

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