Shaping San Francisco Donations
or make a
one time donation

Italian Fishing Ban WWII

Historical Essay

from Portwalk No. 15, an historical walking tour of Fisherman's Wharf

Because Italy was at war with the United States during World War II, all non-citizen Italians were banned from working and living near the coast and were not permitted within 14 blocks of Fisherman's Wharf. Although this ban was not as drastic as the internment of Japanese Americans, it caused great upheaval and protest in the Fisherman's Wharf community, which was made up largely of Italian families, and the ban was lifted in less than a year.

<iframe src="https://archive.org/embed/ItaliansInSFDuringWWII" width="640" height="480" frameborder="0" webkitallowfullscreen="true" mozallowfullscreen="true" allowfullscreen></iframe>

Regina and Josephine Alioto describe the fraught relationship of Italians without U.S. citizenship (and therefore "enemy aliens" during WWII) to fishing off the Golden Gate. Frank Alioto, father to Regina and husband to Josephine, is at the heart of their story about the coast guard and the regulation of access to fishing during that time.

Video: Shaping San Francisco

US-Coast-Guard-Crissy-Field-1943.jpg

The U.S. Coast Guard mustering for duty in 1943 at Crissy Field, Frank Alioto among them.

Photo: Alioto family

Firpo-on-coast-guard-cutter-WWII.jpg

Frank Alioto sits with fellow crew member, commander at bow of Coast Guard cutter, during WWII on San Francisco Bay.

Photo: Alioto family

A Coast Guard motor lifeboat provides escort to San Francisco's crab fishermen as a wartime precaution. Ann Rosener 8b08560v.jpg

Coast Guard motor lifeboat escorting San Francisco's crab fishermen during WWII.

Photo: Ann Rosener, Library of Congress

Italian fishermen gathered on Fisherman's Wharf. San Francisco, California December 1941 8c33672v.jpg

Italian fishermen gathered on Fishermen's Wharf, December 1941.

Photo: Dorothea Lange, Library of Congress

San Francisco, California. Fisherman's wharf September 1943 Ann Rosener 8d31937v.jpg

Fishermen's Wharf, September 1943.

Photo: Ann Rosener, Library of Congress


Forbidden to Fish

Although they had lived here for decades, many of San Francisco's Italian fishermen were not citizens. Labeled "enemy aliens," approximately 1,400 Italians were forbidden to fish. The U.S. Navy confiscated 650 Italian-owned fishing vessels until the end of the war.

Dominic Dimaggio:

"I was not the only son who came home from the war to find that their parents, or other members of their family, had suddenly become enemy aliens. I remember my father was forbidden from fishing or even visiting his friends at the wharf because it was in a prohibited zone. I do not know the extent, but I am sure my father was changed after his experience as an enemy alien. The number of people affected by these events will never be known and the effect on the Italian American community can never be measured." (excerpted from testimony, US Senate Judiciary Committee, Oct. 25, 1999).

Frank-Alioto-and-coworker-with-huge-sunfish-1930s.jpg

Before WWII during the late 1930s, Frank Alioto (squatting at left) and a coworker were photographed with this huge sunfish.

Photo: Alioto family

Italian Americans listen to Italian radio broadcasts of fascist Benito Mussolini on Columbus and Broadway from Roger Rubin FB.jpg

Italian Americans listen to Italian radio broadcasts of fascist Benito Mussolini on Columbus and Broadway, early 1930s.

Photo: Roger Rubin via Facebook